Mardi Gras

February 24, 2009

The computus that determines the date of Easter was the most important mathematical computation in the world for over a thousand years, and is still important today. The computation of Easter given below is due to Jean Meeus:

(define (easter year)
  (let* ((a (modulo year 19))
         (b (quotient year 100))
         (c (modulo year 100))
         (d (quotient b 4))
         (e (modulo b 4))
         (f (quotient (+ b 8) 25))
         (g (quotient (+ (- b f) 1) 3))
         (h (modulo (- (+ (* 19 a) b 15) d g) 30))
         (i (quotient c 4))
         (k (modulo c 4))
         (l (modulo (- (+ 32 (* 2 e) (* 2 i)) h k) 7))
         (m (quotient (+ a (* 11 h) (* 22 l)) 451))
         (month (quotient (- (+ h l 114) (* 7 m)) 31))
         (day (+ (modulo (- (+ h l 114) (* 7 m)) 31) 1)))
    (values month day)))

Date arithmetic is provided by library functions:

(define (julian year month day)
  (let* ((a (quotient (- 14 month) 12))
         (y (+ year 4800 (- a)))
         (m (+ month (* 12 a) -3)))
    (+ day
       (quotient (+ (* 153 m) 2) 5)
       (* 365 y)
       (quotient y 4)
       (- (quotient y 100))
       (quotient y 400)
       (- 32045))))

(define (gregorian julian)
  (let* ((j (+ julian 32044))
         (g (quotient j 146097))
         (dg (modulo j 146097))
         (c (quotient (* (+ (quotient dg 36524) 1) 3) 4))
         (dc (- dg (* c 36524)))
         (b (quotient dc 1461))
         (db (modulo dc 1461))
         (a (quotient (* (+ (quotient db 365) 1) 3) 4))
         (da (- db (* a 365)))
         (y (+ (* g 400) (* c 100) (* b 4) a))
         (m (- (quotient (+ (* da 5) 308) 153) 2))
         (d (+ da (- (quotient (* (+ m 4) 153) 5)) 122))
         (year (+ y (- 4800) (quotient (+ m 2) 12)))
         (month (+ (modulo (+ m 2) 12) 1))
         (day (+ d 1)))
    (values year month day)))

Then the computation of the date some number of days before or after Easter is:

(define (easter-plus year days)
  (call-with-values
    (lambda () (easter year))
    (lambda (month day)
      (gregorian
        (+ (julian year month day) days)))))

Mardi Gras fell on February 7th in 1989, and will fall on March 2nd in 2049.

> (easter-plus 1989 -47)
1989
2
7
> (easter-plus 2049 -47)
2049
3
2

You can see the program at http://programmingpraxis.codepad.org/LmOgrg98.

About these ads

Pages: 1 2

One Response to “Mardi Gras”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 630 other followers

%d bloggers like this: