Text File Databases: Part 2

October 22, 2010

In the previous exercise we developed four functions for reading records from various type of text-file databases. In today’s exercise we develop four functions for processing those records, including map, fold, filter, and for-each. We also wrote map-reduce in a previous exercise, which gives us a fifth processing function.

All four functions take as their first argument a reader function that fetches the next record from the input; we wrote some reader functions in the previous exercise, and it is common to write others for specific input formats. Map takes both a reader function and a transformer function and applies the transformer to each input record, returning a list of the transformed values in the same order as the input. Fold takes a reader function, a combining function and a base value and applies the combiner successively to each base value and the next record from the input, returning the final base value when the input is exhausted. Filter is a combinator; it takes a reader function and a predicate and returns a new reader function that passes only those input records for which the predicate is true. For-each takes a reader function and another procedure and applies the procedure to each input record in turn, only for its side-effects, until the input is exhausted; it returns nothing.

Your task is to write the four functions for processing text-file database records. When you are finished, you are welcome to read or run a suggested solution, or to post your own solution or discuss the exercise in the comments below.

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