Majority Voting

December 16, 2011

In an election, the winner is required to have the majority of the votes. For instance, with the set of votes {A A A C C B B C C C B C C}, the winner is C with 7 of 13 votes. Some elections have no winner; with the set of votes {A B C A B C A}, A gets a plurality of the votes but not a majority, so there is no winner. You can think of voting as a political election, or as redundant hardware in a critical system where a failure of one component must not lead to failure of the overall system.

Your task is to write a function that determines the winner of a vote, or indicates that no candidate reached a majority. When you are finished, you are welcome to read or run a suggested solution, or to post your own solution or discuss the exercise in the comments below.

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