June 15, 2012
Today’s exercise is a fun math problem:
Consider a function f that takes a positive integer n and returns the number of 1s in the decimal representation of all the integers from 0 to n, inclusive. For example, f(13) = 6, for the numbers 1, 10, 11 (twice, for two 1s), 12 and 13. Notice that f(1) = 1. After 1, what is the next largest n for which f(n) = n?
Your task is to write a program that finds the solution. When you are finished, you are welcome to read or run a suggested solution, or to post your own solution or discuss the exercise in the comments below.