March 11, 2014
I was asked about a caesar cipher the other day, and suggested that my questioner search for caesar cipher here at Programming Praxis. To my surprise, I discovered that we have never done a caesar cipher (we did the ROT13 cipher, but not a general-purpose caesar cipher), so I apologized to my friend and wrote today’s exercise.
A caeser cipher, named after Julius Caesar, who either invented the cipher or was an early user of it, is a simple substitution cipher in which letters are substituted at a fixed distance along the alphabet, which cycles; children’s magic decoder rings implement a caesar cipher. Non-alphabetic characters are passed unchanged. For instance, the plaintext PROGRAMMINGPRAXIS is rendered as the ciphertext SURJUDPPLQJSUDALV with a shift of 3 positions.
Your task is to write functions that encipher and decipher text using a caesar cipher. When you are finished, you are welcome to read or run a suggested solution, or to post your own solution or discuss the exercise in the comments below.
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